Effects of Seed Weights and Sowing Media on Germination and Early Growth of Afzelia africana Smith ex Pers

Main Article Content

A. F. Aderounmu
I. O. Asinwa
A. O. Adetunji

Abstract

Seed weight is essential in assessing seed quality traits, while sowing medium has significant role in seed germination. This study therefore assessed effect of seed weights and sowing media on germination of Afzelia africana seeds to enhancing sustainable production of the species.

Seeds of different sizes were collected, weighed and grouped into small (120), medium (120) and large (120) seeds. Each seed group was sown in three sowing media (washed river sand, decomposed sawdust, and forest top soil) replicated 4 times and arranged in Completely Randomized Design. The growth assessment comprised of 3 treatments which included seedlings from small, medium and large seeds and replicated 4 times. Plant height, leaf production and stem diameter were assessed fortnightly for twelve weeks. Biomass assessment was carried out twice (second week and twelfth week). Mean Daily Germination, Germination Percentage, Germination Energy, Peak Value, Germination value, Net Assimilation Rate and Relative Growth Rate were estimated. Data were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA).

Mean Daily Germination showed that large seeds sown in river sand large seed size sown in saw dust (T4 and T7) had highest value of 3.47 and 3.29 respectively with GV of 12.83.

There was significant difference (p < 0.05) in the effects of different sowing media and seed weights on the germination of A. africana. Saw dust gave the highest mean value with 52.777±0.28 while mean value of large sized seeds was highest (57.539±0.6). There was significant difference (p<0.05) in the effects of different seed weight on the height, collar diameter and leaf production.

Germination percentage of A. africana improved significantly with the sowing media and seed weight especially sawdust, river sand, and large seed size. It therefore suggested that A. africana seedling should be raised at nursery stage with river sand and Large seed size in order to increase the growth of plant and have more vigorous seedlings for plantation establishment.

Keywords:
Sowing media, biomass, net assimilation rate, relative growth rate.

Article Details

How to Cite
Aderounmu, A. F., Asinwa, I. O., & Adetunji, A. O. (2019). Effects of Seed Weights and Sowing Media on Germination and Early Growth of Afzelia africana Smith ex Pers. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, 19(3), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.9734/jaeri/2019/v19i330086
Section
Original Research Article

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