Checklist of the Flora of Tutti Island, Khartoum Province, Sudan

Main Article Content

Mubarak Siddig Hamad
Fatima Salaheldin Mohammed Ali
Safia Abdullahi Abdulmageed Mohammed
Maha Ahmed Kordofani


The current study was aimed to inventory and document the flora of Tutti Island (the study area) During a field survey conducted between August 2016 to December 2018. A total of 155 species belong to 120 genera and 41 families were inventoried. A number of 135 species were Dicotyledonous belong to 115 genera and 37 families. However, 20 species were monocotyledonous belong to 17 genera and 4 families. The most representative families were Fabaceace (23 species), Poaceae (14 species), Amaranthaceae (13 species), Asteraceae (10 species), Malvaceae (9 species) and Euphorbiaceae (8 species) respectively. Herbs comprise the predominant type of growth habit (52.34%) followed by shrubs (30.87%), vines (10.06%) and trees (6.71%) respectively. Botanical names of species and families were updated.

The study resulted in a number of species not previously recorded in the flora of the study area. The inventory led to a new generic record to the flora of Sudan; that is Macroptilium lathyroides (L.) Urb. Despite flora of the study area is rich, the study noticed that, there are some negative impact factors can affect this richness over time, these factors represented in human activities including overgrazing, agriculture and population expansion that beside to the annual flood.

Dicotyledonous, flora, new generic, Macroptilium lathyroides (L.) Urb., Monocotyledonous, Tutti Island.

Article Details

How to Cite
Hamad, M. S., Ali, F. S. M., Mohammed, S. A. A., & Kordofani, M. A. (2020). Checklist of the Flora of Tutti Island, Khartoum Province, Sudan. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, 21(4), 27-40.
Original Research Article


Elsafori AK, Gumma AN, Nour MA. Contribution to the flora of Um Rimmitta area, White Nile State, Sudan. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America. 2012;3(10):427-34.

Broun AF, Massey RE. Flora of the Sudan. Flora of the Sudan, Thomas Marby and Co., London; 1929.

Andrews FW. The flowering plants of the Sudan. (Compositae-Gramineae). The flowering plants of the Sudan. 3. (Compositae-Gramineae). 1956;3.

Andrews FW. The flowering plants of the Sudan, Bruncle, Arbroath. 1952;3:486..

Andrews FW. The flowering plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. The flowering plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. 1950;1.

El Amin HM. Trees and shrubs of the Sudan. Ithaca Press; 1990.

Crowfoot GM. Flowering plants of the northern and central Sudan. Orphans printing press; London; 1928.

Andrews FW. The flora of Erkawit. Trees and shrubs. Department of Agriculture and forestry. Bull. 1947;1.

Obeid M, Mahmoud A. The vegetation of Khartoum Province. Sudan Notes and Records. 1969;50:134-59.

Sahni KC. Important trees of the northern Sudan. Important trees of the northern Sudan. Khartoum University Press, Khartoum; 1968.

Ahti T, Hämet-Ahti L, Pettersson B. Flora of the inundated Wadi Halfa reach of the Nile, Sudanese Nubia, with notes on adjacent areas. In Annales Botanici Fennici. 1973;131-162.

Wickens GE. Flora of Jebel Marra (Sudan Republic) and its geographical affinities. HM Stationery Office, London; 1976.

Braun M, Burgstaller H, Hamdoun AM, Walter H. Common weeds of central Sudan. Verlag Josef Margraf; 1991.

El Ghazali GB, El Tohami MS, El Egami AB, Abdalla WS, Mohammed MG. Medicinal plants of the Sudan. Part IV. Medicinal plants of northern Kordofan. Khartoum: Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research Institute; 1997;77.

El Ghazali GE, Abdalla WE, Khalid HE, Khalafalla MM, Hamad AA. Medicinal plants of the Sudan part V. Medicinal plants of Ingassana area. Sudan. National Centre for Research; 2003.

El-Ghazali GE, El-Tohami MS, El-Egami AA. Medicinal plants of the Sudan: medicinal plants of the White Nile provinces. National Centre for Research, Medicinal & Aromatic Plants Research Institute; 1994.

El Ghazali GE, Bari EA, Bashir AK, Salih AM. Medicinal plants of Sudan part II. Medicinal plants of eastern Nuba Mountains. Khartoum: National Council for Research; 1987.

Elghazali GB. Medicinal Plants of the Sudan: Part 1. Medicinal Plants of Erkowit. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research Institute. National Center for Research, Khartoum; 1986.

Ahmed IM, AbdAlla EM. Landuse Impact on Environment of Tuti Island, Sudan. Geography, Environment, Sustainability. 2019;12(3):27-33.

Mohammed S. A study on the flora of Tutiisland in Khartoum state (Doctoral dissertation, PhD Thesis.
Available https://pdfs.semanticscholar. pdf [Accessed 04.09. 2019]

Bahreldin I, Eisa A. Spatial changes and urban dynamics in Tuti Island. International conference on the role of local communities in disaster mitigation Tuti case study. International university of Africa disaster management and refugees studies institute, Khartoum. 2014;1-15.