The Effect of Soil Slope and Organic Materials on Changes of Land Physical Properties and Napier Grass (Pennisetum purpureum) Production

Main Article Content

Erita .
Sandri Sastrawan
Salmandi Futra
Hairunnas .

Abstract

The movement of water and organic material in the hill slope area influenced by the difference of soil slope and it play an important role to contribute the spatial differences of soil properties. Therefore, this study aims to examine changes in parameters of soil physical properties on various slopes due to the provision of types of organic matter (manure, coffee skins and Gliricidia leaves). This study also analys the influence of slope soil to the Napier grass production (Pennisetum purpureum). The study was obtained in the hilly areas of Paya Tumpi Village by using a split plot organic design. In deep analysis of change in parameters on the slope of the type of organic material on soil physics will be performed. The results showed that organic various types of slope and administration of various types of organic materials significantly affected the physical properties of the soil, namely permeability, porosity, aggregate stability index, fast drainage pore, slow drainage pore, available water pore, growth and yield of Napier grass. Gliricidia leaves compost is the best for growing Napier grass.

Keywords:
Soil physics properties, napier grass, organic materials, soil slopes

Article Details

How to Cite
., E., Sastrawan, S., Futra, S., & ., H. (2020). The Effect of Soil Slope and Organic Materials on Changes of Land Physical Properties and Napier Grass (Pennisetum purpureum) Production. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, 21(7), 13-21. https://doi.org/10.9734/jaeri/2020/v21i730153
Section
Original Research Article

References

Andrews SS, karlen DL, mitchell JP. A comparison of soil quality indexing methods for vegetable production systems in northern california. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 2002;90(1):25–45.

bünemann EK, et al. Soil quality – A critical review. Soil Biol. Biochem. 2018;120(2): 105–125.

Pal DK, Wani SP, Sahrawat KL. Vertisols of tropical Indian environments: Pedology and edaphology. Geoderma. 2012;189–190:28–49.

Moghimian N, Jalali SG, Kooch Y, Rey A. Downed logs improve soil properties in old-growth temperate forests of Northern Iran. Pedosphere. 2020;30(3):378–389.

Alibasyah MR. Perubahan beberapa sifat fisika tanah, tingkat erosi dan hasil jagung pada ultisol dengan tiga sistem olah tanah dan mulsa jagung serta EFEK residunya. Disertasi. Progr. Pascasarj. Univ. Padjadjaran. Bandung; 2000.

Stevenson FJ. Humus chemistry: Genesis, composition, reactions, 2nd edition. 1994; 2.

Rezaei H, Jafarzadeh AA, Alijanpour A, Shahbaz FI, Valizadeh Kamran K. Effect of slope position on soil properties and types along an elevation gradient of arasbaran forest, Iran. Int. J. Adv. Sci. Eng. Inf. Technol. 2015;5:449.

Khormali F, Ayoubi S, Foomani FK, Fatemi A. Tea yield and soil properties as affected by slope position and aspect in Lahijan area, Iran. int. J. Plant prod. Prod. 2007;1:99–111.

Chen YF, Liu YS, Wang J, Yan JP, Guo XD. Land use changes of an aeolian-loessial soil area in northwest China: implications for ecological restoration. Pedosphere. 2009;19(3):356–361.

Venterea RT, Lovett GM, Groffman PM, Schwarz PA. landscape patterns of net nitrification in a northern hardwood-conifer forest. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 2003;67(2): 527–539.

Arsyad S. Pengawetan tanah dan air. Dep. Ilmu Tanah Fak. Pertanian, Itb, Bogor; 2000.

Island L. Pocket guide to landscape soil health. 1–64.

Endriani. Sifat fisika dan kadar air tanah akibat penerapan olah tanah konservasi. J. Hidrolitan. 2010;1:26–34.

Bayer. Napier grass - A promising fodder for smallholder livestock production in the tropics. Plant Res. Adn Dev. 1990;103–122.

Orodho AB. The role and importance of napier grass in the smallholder dairy industry in Kenya. Food Agric. Organ. Rome) Retrieved August. 2006;24:29.

Budiman RD, Soetrisno SPS, Budhi, Indrianto A. Morphological characteristics, productivity and quality of three napier grass (pennisetum purpureum schum) cultivars harvested at different age. j. indones. Trop. Anim. Agric. 2012;37(4): 294–301.

Turano B, Tiwari UP, Jha R. Growth and nutritional evaluation of napier grass hybrids as forage for ruminants. Trop. Grasslands-forrajes Trop. 2016;4(3):168–178.

Soil CL. Pengaruh pemberian bahan organik pada tanah liat dan lempung berliat terhadap kemampuan mengikat air. J. Ilmu Pertan. Indones. 2011;16(2):130–135.

Ako A. Pengaruh tingkat pembew pupuk kandang terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksr rumput gajah (Pennisetum purpureum schumach) dan sorgum (Sorghum bicolor moench). Pastura J. Ilmu Tumbuh. Pakan Ternak. 1997;4(2).

Priangga Suwarno RS, Hidayat nur. Pengaruh level pupuk organik cair terhadap produksi bahan kering dan imbangan daun-batang rumput gajah defoliasi keempat (the level effect of liquid organic fertilizer: Their effects on dry matter production and leaf to stem ratio of elephant grass at 4. J. Ilm. Peternak. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan. 2013; 1(1).