Cassava, Mandacaru, and Glue as Adhesive Agents in the Coating of Heirloom Fava Bean Seeds

Luan Danilo Ferreira De Andrade Melo *

Federal University of Alagoas, Engineering and Agricultural Sciences Campus, 57100-000, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.

João Luciano De Andrade Melo Junior

Federal University of Alagoas, Engineering and Agricultural Sciences Campus, 57100-000, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.

Elda Bonifácio Dos Santos

Federal University of Alagoas, Engineering and Agricultural Sciences Campus, 57100-000, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.

Késsia De Mendonça Santos

Federal University of Alagoas, Engineering and Agricultural Sciences Campus, 57100-000, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.

Ludmila Lira Da Silva

Federal University of Alagoas, Engineering and Agricultural Sciences Campus, 57100-000, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.

Aline Dos Santos Malta

Federal University of Alagoas, Engineering and Agricultural Sciences Campus, 57100-000, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.

Keven Willian Sarmento Galdino da Silva

Federal University of Alagoas, Engineering and Agricultural Sciences Campus, 57100-000, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.

Thaíse Dos Santos Berto

Federal University of Alagoas, Engineering and Agricultural Sciences Campus, 57100-000, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.

Jaqueline Figueredo De Oliveira Costa

Federal University of Alagoas, Engineering and Agricultural Sciences Campus, 57100-000, Rio Largo, Alagoas, Brazil.

Adrielle Naiana Ribeiro Soares Tenório

Department of Agronomy, Federal University of Agreste Pernambuco, Brazil.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The seed coating technique, while not recent, has garnered attention due to its commercial implications. This process has grown in significance and feasibility, imparting greater added value to seeds, particularly in an increasingly competitive and regulated market environment, notably within the realm of heirloom seeds. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the impacts caused by the use of adhesive agents, including mandacaru extract, polyvinyl acetate-based glue, and cassava gum, in the pelleting process of heirloom fava bean seeds with rock dust. The experiment was conducted in the Phytotechnics Laboratory, situated within the Campus of Engineering and Agricultural Sciences at the Federal University of Alagoas. In the coating process, MB-4 rock powder was employed. The analyzed parameters encompassed water content, thousand seed weight, first germination count, germination percentage, germination speed index, mean germination time, germination uncertainty, primary root length/aboveground portion, and seedling dry mass. Polyvinyl acetate (PVA) glue and cassava gum proved to be the most efficient adhesive agents in the pelleting of fava bean seeds with rock powder.

Keywords: Pelletizing, traditional communities, vigor, seed, germination


How to Cite

Melo , Luan Danilo Ferreira De Andrade, João Luciano De Andrade Melo Junior, Elda Bonifácio Dos Santos, Késsia De Mendonça Santos, Ludmila Lira Da Silva, Aline Dos Santos Malta, Keven Willian Sarmento Galdino da Silva, Thaíse Dos Santos Berto, Jaqueline Figueredo De Oliveira Costa, and Adrielle Naiana Ribeiro Soares Tenório. 2023. “Cassava, Mandacaru, and Glue As Adhesive Agents in the Coating of Heirloom Fava Bean Seeds”. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International 24 (6):53-58. https://doi.org/10.9734/jaeri/2023/v24i6561.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Santos SRG. Forest Seed Pelleting in Brazil: An Update. Forest and Environment. 2016;23(2):286-294.

Giménez-Sampaio T, Sampaio NV. Vegetable seed coating. In: Nascimento WM, editor. Vegetable seed technology. Brasília: Embrapa Vegetables. 2009;275-306.

Taylor AG, Eckenrode CJ, Straub RW. Seed coating technologies and treatments for onions: challenges and progress. HortScience [online]. 2001;36(2).

Melo LDFA, Melo Junior JLA, Crisostomo NMS, Berto TS, Ramos MGC, Silva LG. Use of adhering agents in the pelletization of creole corn seeds with rock dust. Green Magazine of Agroecology and Sustainable Development. 2020;15:245-249.

Pelwing AB, Frank LB, Barros IIB. Creole seeds: the state of the art in Rio Grande do Sul. Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural. 2008;46:391-420.

Brazil. Rules for seed analysis. Ministry of agriculture and agrarian reform. SNDA/DNPV/CLAV, Brasília. 2009;365.

Carvalho PER. Sobrasil. Colombo: Embrapa florestas, (Embrapa Florestas. Technical Circular, 106). 2005;10.

Maguire JD. Speed of germination: Aid in selection and evaluation for seedling emergence and vigor. Crop Science. 1962;2(1):176-177.

Czabator FJ. Germination value: An index combining speed and completeness of pine seed germination. Forest Science, Washington. 1962;8:4:386- 396.

Labouriau LG. Seed germination. OAS general secretariat, Washington – Regional program for scientific and technological development, Washington. 1983;174.

Melo LDFA. Physiological potential of Enterolobium contortisiliquum (vell) seeds. Morong. 34 f. Monograph (Agronomy Course) - Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Garanhuns, PE; 2011.

Nakagawa J. Vigor tests based on seedling performance. In: Krzyzanowski, F. C.; Vieira, R. D.; França, N. J. B. (Eds.). Seed vigor: concepts and tests. Londrina: ABRATES. 1999;2.1-2.24.

Ferreira DF. Sisvar: A computer statistical analysis system. Science and agrotechnology, Lavras. 2011;35(6)1039-1042.

Melo LDFA, Melo Junior JLA, Santos KM, Silva LL, Malta AS, Santos EB, Costa JFO, Oliveira VC, Magalhaes ID, Silva IC, Torres ILN. Adhering agents in maize seed pelletizing. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International. 2023; 24:28-33.

Melo LDFA, Melo Junior JLA, Costa JFO, Magalhaes ID, Paes RA, Silva IC. Use of brown sugar adhesive adhesive agents based on, palm and alobe extracts in the coating of crean bean seeds with rock dust. Contributions to Social Sciences. 2023;16:393-402.

Krzyzanowski FC, França-Neto JB, Gomes-Junior FG, Nakagawa J. Vigor tests based on seedling performance. In: Seed vigor: concepts and tests, Londrina: Abrate. 2020;601.

Marcos Filho J. Physiology of cultivated plant seeds. Piracicaba: FEALQ. 2015; 495.

Mendes KR, Santos OO, Pompelli MF. GerminaQuant: A new tool for germination measurements. Journal of Seed Science. 2015;37(3):248– 255.