Study on the Evaluation of the Profitability, Efficiency and Investment Trends of Different Poultry Farming Systems

Venketesa Palanichamy N

Agricultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Coimbatore, India.

Sagar Surendra Deshmukh

Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati, India.

Kalpana M *

Agricultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Coimbatore, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Over the past 20 years, the Indian poultry sector has transformed into a dynamic entity with more structured operations. Following all these practices almost at every level, poultry industry is now achieving new heights day by day. The entire livestock sector's contribution to India's GDP is greatly aided by the poultry industry in the country. India's poultry sector ranks second and third in the world in terms of meat and egg output, respectively, with 3.4 million tonnes of meat and 65 million tons of eggs produced (FAO). Significant advancements in the industry have resulted from management initiatives. Most of India's organized structure has contributed to the effective use of resources and the right implementation of policies, which have improved firm financial positions and produced the intended results. The data was collected from stakeholders with the help of pretested interview schedule. Separate interview schedule was prepared for broiler farmers (100 samples), breeder farmers (10 samples) and processing cum distribution centers (20 samples).
A combination of tools viz. average, percentage, cost and return analysis. To get better understanding of the study, the sample farmers were classified into different supply chains based on their mode of working and business stages performed. Feeding management practices were followed aptly by most of the farmers. Almost all farmers were following suitable health management practice by vaccinating their birds.  Based on number of birds reared poultry farms were classified as small, medium and large poultry farms. Small farms were in only in Supply Chain II and III. Fixed investment they did was `583010 and `46733 out of which nearly 85 per cent building charge. In medium sized poultry farms category, poultry farms from Supply Chain II, III and IV were present. Fixed investment they made was `12,22,096, `15,94,147 and `13,27,778 respectively of which more than 90 per cent was spent on farm buildings construction purpose. In large poultry farms, Supply Chain IV farmers had made quite huge fixed investment. For all the farms, of the total investment, 90 per cent was in buildings and 10 per cent was in equipments.

Keywords: Profitability, efficiency, investment trends, poultry farming systems

How to Cite

Palanichamy N, V., Deshmukh, S. S., & Kalpana M. (2024). Study on the Evaluation of the Profitability, Efficiency and Investment Trends of Different Poultry Farming Systems. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, 25(3), 127–138.


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