A comprehensive Review on Genomic Approaches for Insect Pest Management

Kishor Pujar

Department of Agricultural Entomology, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, GKVK, Campus- 560065, India.

Kailas S. Pagire

Department of Agriculture Entomology, Agriculture College, Gadchiroli, DR. PDKV, Akola-444104, India.

Archana B. R.

Department of Entomology, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, India.

Pooja Purushotham

Department of Plant Pathology, University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK, Bengaluru-560065, India.

Sourav Chakrabarty

Department of Entomology, ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi- 110012, India.

Kundan Muwel

Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Umariya 484661, JNKVV Jabalpur, M.P., India.

Ranjita Saikia

Department of Nanotechnology, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand.

Arun Kumar *

Department of Entomology, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur-208002 (U.P.), India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Genomic approaches, such as RNA interference (RNAi) and CRISPR/Cas9, have shown promise for insect pest management. RNAi techniques involve the use of double-stranded RNAs (dsRNA) to silence specific target genes in arthropod pests, which can be highly selective and safe for non-target organisms. CRISPR/Cas9 technology, on the other hand, allows for precise editing of insect genomes, offering potential strategies for controlling pests through various mechanisms such as impairing reproductive capacity or making pests susceptible to insecticides. These genomic approaches provide species-specific and environmentally friendly alternatives to chemical insecticides, which are facing challenges such as resistance and negative impacts on human health and the environment. However, there are still challenges to overcome, such as the delivery of genetic material into the germline of insects, particularly in the Hemiptera order. Further research and advancements in these genomic technologies are needed to fully realize their potential for insect pest management.

Keywords: CRISPR/Cas9, environmentally friendly, genetic material, genomic approaches and RNAi


How to Cite

Pujar, K., Pagire, K. S., Archana B. R., Purushotham, P., Chakrabarty, S., Muwel, K., Saikia , R., & Kumar , A. (2024). A comprehensive Review on Genomic Approaches for Insect Pest Management. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, 25(3), 146–164. https://doi.org/10.9734/jaeri/2024/v25i3602

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