Screening of Elite Groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) Cultures Suitable for High Rainfall Areas of Andhra Pradesh

A.B.M. Sirisha *

Agricultural Research Station, Yellamanchili, Anakapalle District, Andhra Pradesh-531055, India and Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Andhra Pradesh, India.

A. Appala Swamy

Agricultural Research Station, Yellamanchili, Anakapalle District, Andhra Pradesh-531055, India and Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Andhra Pradesh, India.

T. Tulasi Lakshmi

Agricultural Research Station, Yellamanchili, Anakapalle District, Andhra Pradesh-531055, India and Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Andhra Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Groundnut is an important self-pollinated oil seed crop grown in Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the major oil seed crops used for both edible oil and table purpose.  Groundnut crop requires a rainfall of 400-500 mm.  In North coastal zone of Andhra Pradesh, the annual rainfall ranges from 1100-1200 mm, which favours vegetative growth in groundnut grown in kharif season resulting in low yields. The main objective of the present study is to identify suitable varieties with high pod yield in high rainfall areas suitable to North Coastal Zone of Andhra Pradesh.  Twelve elite groundnut cultures along with four checks are tested during Kharif 2022 at Agricultural Research Station, Yellamanchili.  The results revealed that among all the entries, K1909 recorded significant pod yield of 2740 kg/ha followed by K 2313 with 2673 kg/ha when compared with the checks K 1812 (2488 kg/ha), Dharani (1679 kg/ha), K-6 (1429 kg/ha) and Dheeraj (1307 kg/ha). These two groundnut cultures K1909 and K 2313 may be recommended to farmers of North coastal Zone of Andhra Pradesh for achieving good yields in Groundnut.

Keywords: Groundnut, screening, elite cultures, pod yield


How to Cite

Sirisha, A.B.M., A. Appala Swamy, and T. Tulasi Lakshmi. 2024. “Screening of Elite Groundnut (Arachis Hypogea L.) Cultures Suitable for High Rainfall Areas of Andhra Pradesh”. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International 25 (3):187-90. https://doi.org/10.9734/jaeri/2024/v25i3605.

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