Study of Success Level of Reclamation Plant on the Post-mining Land of PT. Kitadin Site Embalut

M. Taufan Tirkaamiana

Forestry Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, University of 17 Agustus 1945 Samarinda, Indonesia.

Jumani *

Forestry Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, University of 17 Agustus 1945 Samarinda, Indonesia.

Joni Praktino

Forestry Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, University of 17 Agustus 1945 Samarinda, Indonesia.

Zikri Azham

Forestry Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, University of 17 Agustus 1945 Samarinda, Indonesia.

Ismail

Forestry Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, University of 17 Agustus 1945 Samarinda, Indonesia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Coal mining activities in Indonesia are generally or usually carried out using an open pit mining system which results in negative impacts such as loss of forest vegetation, loss of animals and plants (flora and fauna), as well as damage and loss of soil layers around the coal mining area. To overcome the problem of land damage or changes due to mining is to carry out reclamation. The research aims to determine the reclamation process on post-coal mining land and to assess the level of success of reclamation of revegetation. The research was carried out from mid-April 2023 to the end of May 2023 in the post-mining land revegetation reclamation area of ​​PT Kitadin Site Embuat which is located in Emputar Village, Tenggarong Seberang District, Kutai Kartanegara Regency, East Kalimantan Province.  The research results show that (1) the reclamation process on PT Kitadin's post-coal mining land begins with land use activities (filling cover soil, spreading root zone soil, and controlling erosion), revegetation activities, and other forms of reclamation activities; and (2) revegetation of the PT Kitadin Site Embulant at the Homogeneous Educational Forest and Heterogeneous Educational Forest locations was declared successful with a plant survival percentage reaching 94.5%, however, the soil pH parameter was declared unsuccessful because the soil pH value at the Homogeneous Educational Forest location was only 4.80 (classified as acid).

Keywords: Reclamation, post-coal mining land’open-pit mining techniques


How to Cite

Tirkaamiana, M. Taufan, Jumani, Joni Praktino, Zikri Azham, and Ismail. 2024. “Study of Success Level of Reclamation Plant on the Post-Mining Land of PT. Kitadin Site Embalut”. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International 25 (3):191-204. https://doi.org/10.9734/jaeri/2024/v25i3606.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ministry of energy and mineral resources. 2023. Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of the Republic of Indonesia - Media Center - News Archives - Coal Reserves Still 38.84 Billion Tons, Clean Technology Management Continues to be Encouraged. Avaiklable:https://www.esdm.go.id Accessed On:16 April 2023.

Ahmad, Y. Study of the magnitude of erosion in the coal mine reclamation area at PT Arutmin Indonesia Kotabaru Regency. Borneo Tropical Forest Journal. 2012;13(1), 46-54.

Endriantho M, Ramli M, Hasanuddin TPU, Hasanuddin TGU. Open coal mining drainage system planning (Open Coal Mining Drainage System Planning). Geosciences. 2013;09(01), 29-40.

Stefanus F. Mining System; 2019.

Tampaty YG, Putri FAR, Daughter RHK. Evaluation of the success level of reclamation in the production operation stage on PT's former coal mining land. prolindo cipta nusantara in Sungai Loban District, Tanah Bumbu Regency, South Kalimantan Province. Paper in the National Seminar on Applied Science and Technology X 2022, Adhi Tama Institute of Technology Surabaya; 2022.

Hirfan H. Post-mining land reclamation strategy. Engineering pen: Scientific Journal of Engineering Sciences. 2018;1 (1):101–108.

Muhdar M. Legal aspects of coal mining reclamation in forest areas in East Kalimantan. Pulpit Law Journal, Faculty of Law, Gadjah Mada University. 2015;27(3): 472-486.

Kurniawan AR, Surono W. Environmentally friendly community mining reclamation model: review of land reclamation from the former ijobalit pumice mine, East Lombok Regency, West Nusa Tenggara Province. Journal of Mineral and Coal Technology. 2013;9(3):165-174.

Hasanah NI, Wasis B, Mansur I. Development of Desmodium spp. as a Cover Crop in Post-Mining Land Reclamation Desmodium spp. Development as Cover Crop Plant on Post Mining Land Reclamation. Journal of Tropical Silviculture. 2014;05:7–12.

Ministry of Forestry. Regulation of the Minister of Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia Number: P. 4/Menhut-II/2011 concerning Guidelines for Forest Reclamation; 2011.

Feng Y, Wang J, Bai Z, Reading L. Effects of surface coal mining and land reclamation on soil properties: A review. Earth-Science Reviews. 2019;191:12-25.

Rahmawaty. Restoration of Ex-mining land based on ecological principles. USU digital library; 2002. Available:www.library.usu.ac.id/down load/fp/hutan-rahmawaty5.pdf

Yadava CG, Moulasab, Srinivasulu GB, Achari R, Chandan K, Santhosh KM., Raghavendra. Livelihood restoration options for mining affected areas in the Kalyana Karnataka Region, India. J. Exp. Agric. Int. 2024;46(4):89-94. Accessed on: 2024 May 17. Available:https://journaljeai.com/index.php/JEAI/article/view/2343

Prematuri R, Turjaman M, Sato T, Tawaraya K. Chemical characteristic of forest soil and gold mine tailings and their effect to the plant growth of two leguminous trees. Int. J. Plant Soil Sci. 2020;32(2):11-20.

Accessed On: cited 2024 May 17. Available:https://journalijpss.com/index.php/IJPSS/article/view/1069

Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources; 2018. Ministerial Decree Number 1827 K/30/MEM/2018.

Dendang, B. In-Vitro Antagonism experiment of Trichoderma Spp. To Ganoderma Sp. Which Attacks Paraserianthes falcataria Trees. Wallacea Forestry Research Journal. 2015;4(2 ):147.

Gunawan C, Badaruddin Kissinger H. Susanti. Reclamation of former coal mining land case study of mining business permits in tanah bumbu regency, south kalimantan province. Enviro Scienteae Journal. 2023;19(1):76-87.

Subhan E, Salmpak AE, Embang Masliani. Analysis of the soil fertility level of PT's former coal mining land. Senamas energindo mineral, east barito regency, Central Kalimantan Province. Environmental Engineering Scientific Media Journal. 2019;4 (2):34-40.

Grace Merlin Natalia Nahuway. Evaluation of the success level of Ex-mining land reclamation at Pt. Pipit Mutiara Jaya, Sesayap District, Tana Tidung Regency, North Kalimantan Province. Thesis. Mining Engineering Master's Study Program, Faculty of Mineral Technology, Veteran National Development University, Yogyakarta; 2019.

Pradjadinata S, Murniati M. Management and Conservation of Ironwood Species (Eusideroxylon zwageri Teijsm. & Binn.) in Indonesia. Journal of Forest Research and Nature Conservation. 2014;11(3).

Sitorus S, Samurai Teweng D, Muhammad Fadliannur. Analysis of the effect of water-covered PAF material on the formation of Acid Water for Post-Coal Mining Plans in East Kalimantan; 2019.