Conventional cooking is just enough for rice hunger but, aromatic rice adds special dimension when cooked for its characteristic distinct flavor. Investigation aimed to evaluate the performance of most preferable aromatic rice cultivars in Bangladesh. Five cultivars differ significantly among them for physical, physico-chemical and cooking qualities, respectively. With the comparison of this quality Radhunipagol perform better over Basmati (checked). The use of these rice cultivars may improve the socio-economic condition for its excellent grain quality characteristics, preference and overall acceptability than that of Katarivug, Sarnalota and Tulshimala.
The study analyzed sustainable agricultural resource use in Nigeria using the Ecological Footprint Approach. The results showed that the emergy density of the earth and the country were 3.10E+10 sej/m2/year and 1.33E+11 sej/m2/year respectively, indicating that a total energy of 3.10E+10 sej was used up per meter square of the total global hectares to provide for the ecosystem services. Given the interaction of the renewable resource flows a total energy of 1.33E+11sej was expended in the transformation of agricultural resources per meter square of the land area of the country. The demand for resources per capita were 5.25ha of arable land, 2.54 ha of pasture land, 0.816ha of water area, 0.131 ha of forest land, 2.6ha of fossil land and 0.0000481 ha of built-up area with a total ecological footprint of 11.3 hectares per capita; while carrying capacity per capita was 5.2 hectares, showing a deficit of -6.1 hectares per capita and indicating unsustainable agricultural resource use - hence sustainable development cannot be achieved. The study however recommended that ecological farming, organic farming and other sustainable agricultural systems that reduce the footprint for arable land should be adopted in the country, and that Nigeria should strategize ways of reducing the importation and consumption of foreign food crops and encourage local food crop farmers – as this will reduce the ecological footprint of the country, and to ensure that agricultural resources are sustainable every citizen of the country should adjust his/her lifestyle so as to reduce consumption by 6.1 hectares per person, preserve and conserve agricultural resources for the current use and the future generation – as this will not only secure sustainable use of agricultural resources but pave ways to achieving sustainable development in the country.
Aims: The main objective of this study was to investigate and analyze the farmers’ attitude towards agroforestry, the reasons for adoption of agroforestry by farmers and the problems being faced by them in the Jhenaidah district, Bangladesh.
Place and Duration of Study: The survey was conducted during May, 2014 in Jhenaidah District of Bangladesh.
Methodology: This paper includes the perspective assessment of the farmers about practicing agriculture and forest tree species, rearing pastures etc. all together in Jhenaidah District in Bangladesh. During the study a multistage random sampling technique was adopted among 102 farmers of different age (21-65+ years) who were interviewed through a semi-structured questionnaire individually. Likert scale is followed to identify the farmer’s perception and attitude.
Results: The middle aged farmers (42.7%) were mostly interested in adopting agroforestry with traditional practice whereas young aged farmers (23.95%) appeared to practice it in a wide range. On the other hand, farmers (23.53%) who generally take lease for cultivation do not practice agroforestry. In the study area all farmers practice homestead agroforestry and 61% of the farmers practice cropland agroforestry. Above 80% respondents have taken positively agroforestry practice, but did not receive formal training skills or facility but just inherited ideas from their superiors.
Conclusion: Most of the farmer’s (94.12%) have positive attitude towards Agroforestry in Jhenaidah district.
Zygophyllum coccineum is very common plant in the limestone wadies and plains of the Eastern (Arabian) desert of Egypt and shows wide soil range. The present study provides an analysis of floristic composition and vegetation types of Z. coccineum at 60 sites in coastal and inland desert of Egypt, emphasizing the environmental factors that affect species distribution. A total of 79 species of the vascular plants (39 perennials, one biennial and 39 annuals) belonging to 63 genera and related to 24 families. Asteraceae, Chenopodiaceae, Poaceae, Cruciferae and Zygophyllaceae are the largest families. Therophytes and chmaephytes are the most frequent, indicating a typical desert life-form spectrum. Chorological analysis of the study area revealed that 40.51% of the total species are Mediterranean taxa and 30.38% is Monoregional Saharo-Sindian. After application of the TWINSPAN and DCA, four groups (A-D) were identified and they were named after the characteristic species. Each group occupied a distinct type of habitats. Z. coccineum is assigned as dominant species in groups A and B or indicator species in groups C and D. Sodium, magnesium, SAR, PAR, EC and pH were the most effective soil factors on the spatial distribution of plants which showed high significant correlations with the first and second axes of CCA ordination diagram.
A study was conducted to determine the response of Leucaena seedlings planted in two variant agro-climatic regions, Chepkoilel Campus and Maseno in Kenya. The experiment was a 2-factor (provenance – site) split plot design with five replications. Three provenances were randomly assigned to the sub-plots. A block measuring 60 m by 30 m was divided into two plots, which were separated by a 1 m strip of land. The study was conducted at Chepkoilel College Campus and Maseno farms in Kenya. Farm experiments were conducted. Soil samples were amended with lime at the rate of 6.6 ton/ha. Three genotypes of Leucaena were planted. At 60 DAP and 120 DAP, seedlings were subjected to analysis to determine seedling height, root length, root collar diameter, leaf number and seedling biomass at both sites. There was variation in the performance of each provenance based on the growth parameters assessed between the two sites. KIT2724 recorded the highest means in all growth attributes followed by K136, and the lowest means was recorded by K156 at Maseno. However, in Chepkoilel, K136 recorded the best performance in the growth attributes followed by KIT2724 and lastly by K156. L. leucocephala provenances (K136) seedling growing in the field at Chepkoilel bore flowers and pods at the age of 6 months. The seedlings of L. leucocephala grew faster at Maseno than at Chepkoilel. With liming, KIT2724 and K136 could be grown in acid soils especially in both Maseno and Uasin Gishu Districts where agroforestry practice is being promoted. However, K156 seems to be more tolerant to soil acidity and the genetic basis of this tolerance should be further established.